In this article—the first in a series describing various preventive maintenance actions—A&P Jacqueline Shipe goes through the entire process of removing and reinstalling an aircraft tire. 

All aircraft owners will periodically have to replace a tire. Even planes that don’t get used much eventually require tire replacement due to dry rot and sidewall cracking of the rubber. 

Tire replacement is one of the items the FAA considers preventive maintenance that owners may legally perform on their aircraft. Changing a tire isn’t mechanically complex, but it does require the owner to use some caution. 

Proper aircraft jacking procedures have to be used, and if the plane is jacked outside, first check the weather conditions to ensure that the wind is not going to be too high. Major damage can be done to the airframe structure whenever a plane falls off a jack. 

Once the plane is properly jacked, the removal of the wheel assembly can begin. (For information about aircraft jacks and proper procedures, take a look at Shipe’s “Airplane Maintenance for the DIYer: First Steps” in the May 2016 issue. —Ed.)

If the plane is equipped with wheel pants, the wheel pant has to be removed first. This is usually a pretty straightforward process, just be sure to keep the removed screws and bolts identified as to which receptacle they came out of, because sometimes several different diameters and lengths are installed. 

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